What is CRAFT?

CRAFT is a passport to the formal market for artisanal and small-scale miners focused on mitigating the main risks of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). It is focused on the mitigation of the main risks related to this sector.

A code that includes requirements that drive the progressive improvement of ASM producers (mining organizations and miners organized in groups or working individually).

It is aimed at mining organizations as well as miners organized in groups or working individually (including “barequeros” or ore selectors).


CRAFT = Code of Risk-mitigation for ASM engaging in Formal Trade


  1. A code that adopts the definitions of “ASM” and “legitimacy” established in the OECD Due Diligence Guidance.
  2. A standard meant to be applicable globally,without any excluding areas.
  3. An instrument designed to apply to artisanal gold in any tradable form and other minerals as cobalt, gemstones and 3T (tin, tungsten, tantalum). However, it can be adapted for other minerals.
  4. A standard closely aligned with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance Its Modules 3 and 4 are directly linked to the risks outlined in “Annex II” of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance
  5. A Code that goes beyond the OECD Guidance, proposing an improvement route focused on other major risks the can be observed in the ASM sector.
  6. An open source standard developed under the Creative Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 license Like any open source standard, CRAFT can be used by any actor in the ASM minerals supply chains.
For buyers

CRAFT is a tool that facilitates the application of due diligence in the ASM sector, with continuous development and improvement approach.

It allows them to have the guarantee that they are aligned with the application of the OECD Guidance, especially with the Due Diligence process focused on identifying and mitigating risks for the ASM sector.

For miners

CRAFT facilita a los mineros y mineras la eliminación de peores prácticas relacionadas con la minería artesanal y pequeña. It makes it easier for them to understand their buyers’ expectations and international standards.

For governments and civil societies

CRAFT makes makes it easier for governments and civil society organizations to comply with international requirements, and a better understanding of mineral supply chains.

Key components of the CRAFT Code

The following table shows the key aspects that the CRAFT addresses divided by the modules of the complete document (Modules 1 to 5). Modules 3 and 4 are based on the OECD Guidance Requirements*.

1. Scope and Affiliation

El primer módulo define el alcance de CRAFT  y qué necesitan los productores de mineral para afiliarse a este:

  • Alcance: Minería artesanal y de pequeña escala
  • Requerido para afiliación: Hoja de datos generales y descripción
  • Persona de contacto
  • Croquis y  descripción cadena de suministro interna
2. Legitimacy

El Segundo módulo contiene 4 opciones de aplicación del concepto de legitimidad dependiendo del contexto del país.

3. Inmediate Conformance
Modules 3 and 4 are based on the OECD Guidance Requirements:

  • Forced labour
  • Worst forms of child labour
  • Sexual violence and gender discrimination
  • Serious violations and abuses of human rights
  • Conflict or high-risk area
  • Connection to war crimes
  • Support to non-State armed forces
4. Conformance 6 months mitigation
Module 4 is based on OECD Guidance “Annex II risks” requiring disengagement after unsuccessful mitigation (6 months):

  • Involvement with public or private security forces
  • Money laundering
  • Bribery / false representation of mineral source
  • Tax, duty or royalty evasion
5. Continued improvement
Module 5 only has criteria for progress of controlled risks or mitigation in progress:

  • Handling of mercury and water
  • Dumping and contamination of water sources
  • Mining health and safety
  • Rights to the mineral and the land
  • Peaceful coexistence with other production activities
  • Children’s and women’s rights
  • Formalization

Download CRAFT

CRAFT Code v1.0 was published on July 31, 2018.
Now, it is under consultation and it has a new structure divided in 4 volumes.

Using CRAFT implies shared liability among CRAFT developers and miners (ASM producers).

CRAFT does not impose the burden of third-party auditing to miners, but facilitates application of due diligence (transparency practice) and allows them to follow a path of progressive improvements.

Third-party independent auditing is still responsibility of mineral buyers.

Why is CRAFT needed?